The Collapse Of The Ussr. Essay

821 words - 3 pages

The collapse of the USSR was one of the most significant events of the twentieth century. Mikhail Gorbachev played a role in the collapse of the USSR; however, he was not solely responsible for everything that took place in the fall of the USSR. Previous leaders as well as other politicians led to the collapse of the USSR.When Gorbachev came into power, the economy was very weak and there was a lot of corruption in the government. In an effort to strengthen the economy he introduced three reforms. The first was Perestroika (Economic Restructuring), which saw more private enterprise in order to boost the dwindling economy. Gorbachev abandoned the old plan system because he thought that this would be the answer to the USSR's economic troubles. However, instead of boosting the economy this reform proved to be ineffective and it failed. The reform was both challenging and disappointing. Gorbachev was criticized for not decollectivizing agriculture as the Chinese did. The second reform was Glasnost (Openness), it attempted to modernize the USSR economy. It also allowed individuals to question the government, which hurt Gorbachev's regime because it showed the people how weak they were. The last reform was Demokratizatsiya (Democratization), this reform brought democracy in the USSR political system for the first time and allowed a voice for the people who didn't get what they wanted. Though Gorbachev gave the people a voice in the USSR politics for the first time, he allowed people that disagreed with him to vote against him. He underestimated how strong independent political movements could become. Once again, despite his good intentions, Gorbachev's reform was a significant factor in the collapse of the USSR.During the late 80's there were massive problems within the communist party. The party had split into two groups; the reformists, who wanted to see changes made, and the traditionalists, who were opposed to any change happening in the system. Gorbachev was a reformist, but he wasn't willing to make the changes to satisfy the reformist group of the party. Gorbachev's inability to unite the two groups together weakened the group as a whole even more so than it already was. The strength of the USSR was the strength of the communist party for many years, as the communist party was falling, the USSR also took a downward slide.However, there are also many factors in the collapse of the USSR that...

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