The Concept Of Self Efficacy Essay

1853 words - 7 pages

The Concept of Self-Efficacy

Self-efficacy, for the purpose of this study, may be defined as a person’s optimistic self-belief. This is the belief that a person can develop the skills to perform new or difficult tasks to cope with changes in health and functioning. When a person perceives self-efficacy, it will facilitate goal-setting, effort, investment, persistence, overcoming obstacles and recovery from disappointments and failures. It can be regarded as a positive outlook or proactive way to handle stress factors. It is the ability to successfully cope with health changes, and implies an internal and stable acceptance of changes and ability to successfully adapt to those changes. Perceived self-efficacy is functional in relationship to behavioral change, and health care maintenance or improvement. In health care, the concept of self-efficacy is important in developing effective strategies for health education and interventions.

Self-efficacy emerged from theories related to motivation, competence and a feeling of control. Rodgers’ (1993) stated that the “evolutionary” method of concept analysis is used in clarifying the concept of interest. By following this approach, abstract characteristics of a concept can be identified and grouped for the purpose of developing a clear and useful definition of the concept. Once the concept is defined, a model case can be described to demonstrate the concepts attributes, antecedents, and consequence. A literary search and a grouping of characteristics will be used to process a constant comparative analysis and to refine the data into a clear and concise definition appropriate for our use.

The term effectance is used to describe the motivational aspect of competence. The theory of motivation is not solely based on the basic animal instinct of drive. People are motivated to behave in certain ways because they perceive themselves as being able to effect a desired change. As a persons behavior is repeated and actually effects the desired change a person is providing reinforcement of their confidence in their competence at effect the desired change. The person is energized by the concept of self-efficacy and it’s feeling of empowerment. (White, 1959).

Empowerment and control are essential to elements to self-efficacy. According to Bandura, early social learning theory of behavioral change, cognitive processing determines the behavior change and cognitive events are started or changed by the experience of competency. Bandura focused on perceived self-efficacy, which he defines as a belief in one’s own capability to organize and execute the course of action required to attain a goal. (Bandura, 1977).

Health related research was stimulated by the social learning theory. Research showed that persons perceived level and strength of self-efficacy was closely related to their choices in health behaviors. (Maibach & Murphy, 1995). The desire to maintain new behaviors is...

Find Another Essay On The Concept of Self-Efficacy

Zone of Proximal Development & Self Efficacy & Agency

756 words - 4 pages attitude. However, children with low efficacy that failed to produce good work blamed their inabilities in math. Children construct their self-efficacy from four types of information; success or failure of previous similar attempts, experience of observing others fail or succeed in a similar task, acquire new coping strategies by observing other succeed, and verbal persuasion. The concept of zone of proximal development and self-efficacy display

The Efficacy of DARE Essay

2410 words - 10 pages participated. A self-report questionnaire was handed out prior to the DARE program, and right after students graduated. Those who were DARE graduates actually reported higher smoking rates, less attachment to school, and were more active in deviant behaviors (Harmon, 1993). It is a bit shocking that the students who went through the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program would actually have higher rates of drug and alcohol use, and also

Efficacy of the Therapeutic Touch

1172 words - 5 pages The efficacy of therapeutic touch Compared with the scarce evidence base of tactile touch, therapeutic touch, has been proven to be applicable recently in a variety of different populations and settings in recent years. Eight experimental researches and four qualitative researches are explored in this part. TT is safe and effective to be implemented on hospitalized patients. Newshan & Schuller-Civitella (2003) conducted a large-scale study on

The Efficacy of Binaural Beats

2239 words - 9 pages expediency, and any at possibly deleterious consequences are fear-mongering and fallacious. Although discovered in 1839, Binaural Beats are still a relatively unknown concept to most doctors of rehabilitation or therapy (Manley 1) .The term Binaural Beats is given to the phenomenon in which two tones of very slightly differing frequencies are presented to a subject wearing headphones, the effect of the similar tones being heard at the same time through

The Importance of Self Concept to Personal Communication

1520 words - 6 pages The Importance of Self Concept to Personal Communication The observation of yourself as an individual is called self-concept. Self-concept also embraces how well you know yourself through the medium of thoughts, feelings and emotions. ==================================================================== Perception plays a key role in the making of self-concept. How you perceive yourself and how you think others

The Self-Concept of Father-Absent Children in Middle Childhood

3671 words - 15 pages The Self-Concept of Father-Absent Children in Middle Childhood      Man’s individuality embodies numerous traits and self-concept holds the predominant of these traits according to Rogers. It helps the person understand personality and social development, for it is through the developing self-concept that man form increasingly stable picture of their selves, partly, reflected by others in their surroundings (Craig;1996,p.367). As the person

Exploring the Concept of “Self” in Modern Philosophy

1302 words - 5 pages Vidhi Gandhi Prof. Murphy PHIL 1201 Paper- Reflection Essay Truth of oneself makes it visible when faced with absurd events in life where all ethical issues fade away. One cannot always pinpoint to a specific trait or what the core essence they discover, but it is often described as “finding one’s self”. In religious context, the essential self would be regarded as soul. Whereas, for some there is no such concept as self that exists since they

The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Procrastination Among University Students

1124 words - 4 pages texts such as The Bhagavad Gita and the Bible (Steel, 2007). However, the detonation of the word consists of Latin origins with “pro, meaning ‘forward, forth, or in favour of’, and crastinus, ‘meaning of tomorrow’” (Klein, 1971 as cited in Steel, 2007 p.66). Definition of self-efficacy The concept of self-efficacy and its relationship to procrastination first emerged through the works of Alfred Bandura in 1986 (Chun Chu & Choi, 2005).Building

Emotional Self-efficacy and Career Satisfaction as Predictors of Self-perceived Employability

1640 words - 7 pages linear regression was used to identify whether emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction were significant predictors in predicting self-perceived employability. Mature students (N=60) completed three questionnaires. Both emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction were found to be significant predictors. These findings highlight the importance of emotional self-efficacy and career satisfaction in its role of employability, which needs a

Historical Development of Self Concept Theory

1748 words - 7 pages Historical Development of Self Concept Theory The development of idea of self or self-concept can be traced back into the times of classical philosophy, as traced by Hattie (1992). A sense of self was related to Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to identity, individuality and the knowledge of self (). Further, Renaissance philosophers promoted a sense of “self” and “knowing self” as the basis of existence through their debates. Hume

Analyisis of Buyer Behaviour: Social Trends, Self Concept and Motivation Affecting the Consumption of Organic Products

2638 words - 11 pages May 16, 2003Table of Contents1. Introduction......................................................................................(3)2. Theory behind "We are what we eat"Post modern views on "Consumption" and "Self Concept"...........................(4)3. Greens in Senate, Organics in the MarketBrief summary on consumption of organic products..................................(5)4.Who is buying Organic Food

Similar Essays

The Self Concept Of Me Essay

1699 words - 7 pages Self-concept is shaped in a variety of different ways however the most powerful way self-concept is shaped is seems to be by experience and our interactions with the world and those around us. Self-concept is how we perceive ourselves and how we compare to the ideal self. There are two parts of self- concept and they are social perceptions and personal perceptions. These two factors make up the self, as we are, as people. And as people we are

Statistical Report On The Effects Of Self Efficacy On Depression

1800 words - 8 pages Introduction to self-efficacy Self-efficacy has been studied extensively since Albert Bandura first published his theory in 1977. In social situations, individuals have varying perceptions of their ability to successfully interact with others.(Bandura 1977) In other words, their self-efficacy beliefs reflect their level of social confidence (Bandura, 1977). The possession of strong self-efficacy beliefs has been related to positive outcomes in

The Role Of Self Efficacy In Behavioural Change

1514 words - 6 pages THE ROLE OF SELF EFFICACY IN BEHAVIOUR CHANGE The Oxford Dictionary has defined behaviour as the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially towards others. On the other hand, behavioural change is often a goal for a person to work directly with other people, group of people, population, organizations, or governments.(Glanz,Lewis, & Rimers, 1990, p. 17) Behavioural change can occur when the positive behaviours one wants are

The Importance Of Raising Self Efficacy Within Students

1065 words - 4 pages important that as a teacher I raise self-efficacy within my students. Self-efficacy ones awareness of their capacity to learn and perform (Carpenter, 2010). In order to do this it is important that children within my class experience success, are praised and admired by others, and are provided with opportunity to enjoy success (Westwood, 2007). By setting a culture within the class that sees students compete with themselves and not others will develop confidence within students of their own capabilities, thus maximising educational outcomes.