The Constitution Essay

974 words - 4 pages

The first time a unified government structure went into effect was on March 1, 1781, when the Article of Confederation went into effect to unify the 13 colonies that fought in the Revolutionary War into one country. The Articles of Confederation was an extremely flawed document that gave way to many rights and liberties to the individual states, and not enough power to a centralized government. The main problem with the Articles of Confederation was that they left the national government powerless to enforce any laws that they might have passed. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state printed its own money and there was no nationwide economy. Eventually the Articles of ...view middle of the document...

The Federalists felt that the Constitution was necessary to preserve the individual freedoms and independence that was achieved by winning the Revolutionary War. The Federalists consisted of some of the most experienced leaders of that time, including George Washington and Benjamin Franklin. The Federalists believed that in order for the United States to be a successful nation, a strong central Government, such as the one that was created be the Constitution, must exist. When opposition arose against the Constitution with people in arguing against the strong central Government, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton published the Federalist Papers. These were anonymous writings that were meant to convince the people who were against the Constitution that, while there was a strong central Government, the separation of powers created by the separate branches of the Government would keep them from becoming too strong, and that would protect the people’s independent liberties from a powerful central Government.
The Constitution gave the power of the people to a centralized government, however it also places limitations on the Government so that it did not interfere with the individual freedoms and rights of the people, but there was still fear among the Anti-Federalists that the Federal Government would abuse the considerable power that the Constitution gave to them. Since most of the delegates at the convention had seen firsthand the British violation of their civil rights, several of the delegates insisted that there be a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution. By adding a Bill of Rights to the Constitution, a system was worked out to please the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. The very first Congress originally proposed 12 amendments to the Constitution, but since the first two actually took the Congressman’s salaries into consideration, those two amendments did not end up being ratified. The other 10 amendments addressed most of the concerns that the delegates had pertaining to...

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