The Enlargement Of The European Union

2433 words - 10 pages

The enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004 and 2007 has been termed as the largest single expansion of the EU with a total of 12 new member states – bringing the number of members to 27 – and more than 77 million citizens joining the Commission (Murphy 2006, Neueder 2003, Ross 2011). A majority of the new member states in this enlargement are from the eastern part of the continent and were countries that had just emerged from communist economies (EC 2009, Ross 2011), although overall, the enlargement also saw new member states from very different economic, social and political compared to that of the old member states (EC 2009, Ross 2011). This enlargement was also a historical significance in European history, for it saw the reunification of Europe since the Cold War in a world of increasing globalization (EC 2009, Mulle et al. 2013, Ross 2011). For that, overall, this enlargement is considered by many to have been a great success for the EU and its citizens but it is not without its problems and challenges (EC 2009, Mulle et al. 2013, Ross 2011). This essay will thus examine the impact of the 2004/2007 enlargements from two perspectives: firstly, the impact of the enlargements on the EU as a whole, and thereafter, how the enlargements have affected the new member states that were acceded during the 2004/2007 periods. Included in the essay will be the extent of their integration into the EU and how being a part of the Commission has contributed to their development as nation states. Following that, this essay will then evaluate the overall success of the enlargement process and whether the EU or the new member states have both benefited from the accessions or whether the enlargement has only proven advantageous to one than the other. This essay will then conclude by considering how the impact of this historical enlargement affects the prospects of future EU enlargements with regards to the potential candidate member states that have applied for membership to the EU.

While the accession of 12 new member states during the 2004/2007 enlargements was seen as a triumph in terms of reuniting Europe since the Cold War (EC 2009, Ross 2011), it was also the most complicated enlargement process yet due to the diverse economic, social and political backgrounds the new members states brought to the table which highlights the complexities in terms of integrating the new member states to the existing institutional structures of the EU (EC 2009, Ross 2011). Because of this, the considerations and preparations for this enlargement process began about a decade before (in 1993) the official accession when the Copenhagen European Council extended invitations for membership application and proceeded to set the Copenhagen Criteria (of enlargement), which consisted of economic, political and legislative criteria applicants had to fulfill for their membership consideration (EC 2009, Neueder 2003, Ross 2011).

Following the entry of the 12 new member...

Find Another Essay On The Enlargement of the European Union

Political Economy of the European Union: Outline the major features of the Common Agricultural Policy as it currently operates. Consider the problems posed for the policy by the Enlargement

878 words - 4 pages several times and with difficulty. The reason of the creation of the CAP was both economic and political. It was basically to encourage farmers to produce more food after the World War II (WWII) shortages, to stabilise the European Union (EU) agriculture market, guarantee EU farmers a market for their produce and guarantee level of comfort for agricultural community. Reasonable price for customers was also an objective. In the 1970s and 1980s, the

The Success of the European Union

1715 words - 7 pages The European Union can be traced back to the 1940’s when British wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill envisaged a United States of Europe. However, Churchill had no idea how powerful an institution it would become by the late 20th century. The formation of the EU came just over a decade after the Second World War, 1957. For the EU’s originators the EU was a way of reducing national hostility, resentment and competition, which had driven the

The History of the European Monetary Union

3624 words - 14 pages )1. The development of the European Monetary UnionIn 1998 the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) was introduced as part of the EMS in order to reduce exchange rate variability and to achieve monetary stability in Europe in preparation for the European Monetary Union and for the introduction of the Euro. In 1999 ERM II replaced ERM. ERM II is an exchange rate mechanism for EU countries which are currently not taking part in the monetary union

The Tremendous Benefits of the European Union

1687 words - 7 pages of the European Union and its organizations. Since different theories of international relations view political events in vastly different ways, the standard schools of thought (realist, liberalist, and feminist) regarding these international organizations will be specifically examined regarding their opinion on EU developments. The European Union, in uniting the nations of Europe under a regional system of sovereign states, attempts to unify

The European Union

721 words - 3 pages The European Union (EU) was created in the outcome of the Second World War. The enlargement of the EU was ver big, it went from six countries to 28 countries. With this enlargement, it has economically and politically really changed some countries. Since the EU is based in Europe, it has really helped countries economically. So the enlargement of the EU is very effective in a positive manner. The EU was officially created on November 1, 1993

The European Union extended

4864 words - 19 pages fifth enlargement of the EU has a political and moral dimension.Not only geographically but also in terms of their culture, their history and their aspirations, the countries concerned - Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia - are decidedly European. In joining the European Union they are joining the democratic European family and taking their full part in the great project conceived by

The European Union

5786 words - 23 pages 1993 •     After enlargement in 2004, firms selling in the ESM zone have access to more than 450 million consumers BIBLIOGRAPHY •     HOW THE EU WAS BUILT BBC News; Tuesday, 5 December, 2000 •     THE EU AT A GLANCE, HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/index_en.htm •     ENLARGEMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION http

The European Union

4598 words - 18 pages Introduction In the course of fifty years, the European Union has expanded from six countries united under economic treaties to a large collective of twenty-five sovereign nations. Maintaining the union within such a large group has grown more difficult as numerous treaties have been drafted to control the governance of the European Union. To reduce the number of treaties in the union, the convention decided to draft a Constitution, which

The European Union

1022 words - 5 pages Making Institutional reform in any unions will always be controversial between members and those who are in the steering seat. As well as for the consequences that faces them after implementing new changes. The aim of this paper is to discuss my opinion on what institutional reform I find being essential to improve the European Union as whole. The first institutional reform I would want to start with is to make the European Parliament a

The European Union

935 words - 4 pages       The European Union is a supranational government body that is, by definition, changing the traditional role of the nation state and sovereignty in Europe. This Union was formed voluntarily by states with similar goals and is unique in its conception and design to the European continent. Although The EU (European Union) is strengthening Europe economically and politically the states that form it have surrendered

The European Union

1693 words - 7 pages The European Union (EU) was established in order to prevent the horrors of modern warfare, experienced by most of Europe during the World Wars of the 20th century, from ever ensuing again, by aiming to create an environment of trust with the countries of Europe cooperating in areas such as commerce, research and trade (Adams, 2001). The EU has evolved into an economic, trade, political and monetary alliance between twenty-eight European Member

Similar Essays

Enlargement Of The European Union Essay

2723 words - 11 pages will be identified, as will the process involved in the negotiations between candidate countries and the EU. The paper will then concentrate on the various advantages that the enlargement may carry for both the Union and the CEECs, and in contrast to this the final part of the paper will identify the disadvantages for the EU and the CEECs that may occur if the proposed enlargement goes ahead as planned.The proposed enlargement of the European Union

Enlargement Of The European Union (Eu): The Implications For Business

1840 words - 7 pages There has been much debate surrounding the subject of Enlargement with regards to the European Union (EU) due to the political, institutional, cultural and economic factors that are involved. This essay looks at the way in which businesses from EU-15 countries have been able to exploit the increased number of consumers, the possibility of relocation for lower production and labour costs and the cross-border supply chains. There will also be

European Union Enlargement Eastwards Essay

4465 words - 18 pages European Union Enlargement Eastwards The European Union (EU) is one of the Russian's key partners both in an economic and a geopolitical sense. EU-Russian relations are built on a partnership basis. Both sides acknowledge the importance of relations between the EU and the Russian Federation and express their mutual desire to strengthen and develop these relations further. On September 5, 1998 the EU

"The Boundaries In The Enlargement Of Europe" Cultural, Geo Political, Institutional/Legal Boundaries That Are Shifting In The Enlargement Process Of European Union

1812 words - 7 pages With the end of the Cold War, the former subjects of the Soviet Union re-entered to political, cultural and economic arena starting a new phase in European continent and in European Union by the enlargement process. However the extending of European Union eastwards gave rise to the debates over the boundaries of Europe and the uncertainty about the final limits are becoming a problematic field that effects the future of the Union.BOUNDARY