The European Union Essay

1022 words - 5 pages

Making Institutional reform in any unions will always be controversial between members and those who are in the steering seat. As well as for the consequences that faces them after implementing new changes.

The aim of this paper is to discuss my opinion on what institutional reform I find being essential to improve the European Union as whole.
The first institutional reform I would want to start with is to make the European Parliament a stronger institution. The Parliament is the only institution where people within its member state directly elect members, which makes them the most democratic institution in the EU.
Supranational fiscal union is another reform I consider to be important for the European Union. The role of the fiscal union would be to avoid further crisis and building up a stronger framework around the financial system in the European Union.
My third improvement considers the European Commission, more specifically the Commission President. My concern for the Commission Presidency is the lack of gender equality. Since 1958 when Walter Hallstein became the first President of the Commission there have been none women at all in the President seat.

First Reform
The European Parliament is the only institution where its members are directly elected, which makes them the most democratic institution of the European Union. However it seems like the citizens of EU don’t have the same interests in European elections like they have in their national election. Where turnout has fallen from 63% in 1979 to 43% in 2009 and is lower than in national elections.
My opinion is that to increase interest in European election is to extend the power of the European Parliament. So people can actually see some improvements or actions made by their members, which were elected to do so.
The European Parliament has no formal legislative role. However the Treaty of the European Union introduced the right to request proposal from the Commission. And since the Lisbon Treaty the European Parliament has the co decision power with the Council of Ministers.
By extending the power I think the European Parliament should have a formal legislative role by initiative legislation with the Commission, but not only propose legislation.
I think that the European Parliament should have more powers and by having the legislative initiative would benefit the citizens of the EU.

Second Reform
I believe that a supranational fiscal union is the next step, which the European Union should put in motion. Although the EU has fought the crisis quite well there is still things to overcome. Like I mentioned earlier the need for a stronger financial system and framework is greater than ever within the EU.
The Eurozone crisis has questioned the power of the Economic and Monetary Union to fix the problems facing the European Union. The power should be strengthened to ensure economic and social welfare. The EMU should have more co ordination and frameworks to overcome...

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