The Impact Of Hurricanes On Topsail Island

2210 words - 9 pages

Only 26 miles long and not even 1 mile wide, Topsail Island offers a unique environment blending the Atlantic Ocean and the Intercostal Waterway. Although mostly peaceful and scenic, the vast beach that stretches the entire length of the island and the plethora of colorful summer homes that crowd the limited space are prone to obliteration. Extremely susceptible to hurricanes, Topsail survives off federal aid to rebuild and redevelop. There are more tourist traps and junk store littered about the island than grocery stores due to FEMA and the Federal government pouring millions of dollars into the salvaging the barrier island, attempting to rebuild the beaches and consequently boosting the ...view middle of the document...

S. Military developed a 1,500 mph missile named the “flying stovepipe” in addition to launching 200 experimental rockets. Despite the success of the testing, increasing sea traffic, unpredictable weather, and the growing range of the missiles caused the site to be moved from Topsail Island. Although the Navy abandoned the island, throughout Operation Bumblebee the intercostal waterway surrounding the Topsail was dredged, roads were built, and fresh water was piped onto the island, allowing the government to sell the island to the public at the conclusion of the military project.
Following the initial development sponsored by the Federal Government and the U.S. Military, Topsail Island underwent a large spike in building and residency. Incorporated in 1963, the Town of Topsail Beach encompasses the southernmost third of the island. High rise development is not allowed, beautification is encouraged, and conservation of the island environment is a top priority. Following Topsail Beach, the last two thirds of the island, Surf City and North Topsail Beach, were incorporated in (NEED YEARS). Although buying land on a relatively remote island off rural North Carolina may not be attractive to some, in the late 1980s, after the local government installed more sewer lines, development spiked once again. Many people developed on the island as the land was relatively cheap and the beach was uncrowded. People were also encouraged to move to Topsail Island as they could count on the availability of cash grants, federally subsidized flood insurance, and low-interest loans in case of flood or hurricane. With the creation of the Coast Barrier Resource Act in 1982, legislation that removed federal incentive to build on barrier islands, due to a lack of population and development compared to the other regions of the island, North Topsail Beach became an area ineligible for federal expenditures and assistance. Fed up with protecting barrier islands surrounding the country, Congress was no longer willing to fund areas prone to a loss of natural resources, threatened human lives, destruction of homes, and the loss of millions of tax dollars per year. As flood insurance was not completely covered, residents of North Topsail Beach financed the entire cost of development and rebuilding and not until the summer of 1996 would the islanders have to question their seemingly flawless investment.
In 1996, for the second time in history, the eyes of two hurricanes spun along almost the same path in the same summer, rekindling the regional nickname, “Hurricane Alley.” In addition to being hit directly by Hurricane Fran and Hurricane Bertha, both category three storms, Topsail Island was adversely affected by Hurricane Edouard and Hurricane Hortense. Hardly any oceanfront homes escaped serious damaged and nearly 90 percent of coastal beach areas surrounding North Carolina were destroyed. Unfortunately, the most damaging part of Bertha hit the area that could least afford...

Find Another Essay On The Impact of Hurricanes on Topsail Island

Degeneration of The kids on the island

828 words - 3 pages Since the beginning of time, savagery has existed inside of humankind. As time and people have become more civilized the desire to kill mitigates to nothing more than entertainment. In Lord of the Flies we could see that man can quickly revert to a savage life style if placed into a hostile environment.The boys in the novel begin as civilized children who obey the laws they were taught their whole lives. Upon arriving on the island, it was fresh

Disasters, speaks of the study of hurricanes

2600 words - 10 pages Bob when I was vacationing with my family off the coast of Virginia and we were asked by the state police to evacuate our house, I wanted to learn more about hurricanes. Since that I have been able to take classes that enabled me to learn more about hurricanes. That is why I have decided to take the focus of my paper towards hurricanes. Furthermore, I am going to look at the economical affects that hurricanes have on the United States. There are

The Effects of Hurricanes in Bananas Plantation

1162 words - 5 pages wanted throughout the entirety of the synthesis. To no surprise even after Reflux, there will be some isopentyl alcohol and acetate acid that didn’t react together. Refluxing is a laboratory procedure in which you can separate pure amounts of the mixture, by separating them using their different boiling points. In a reflux, the glassware will heat up at different temperatures and depending on the boiling points of the individual chemicals

Chaos on the island

786 words - 3 pages In the novel Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, the reader can see how a society of boys quickly dissolves into a chaotic and erratic group of salvages. The boys, or any society for that matter, cannot safely function without proper leadership, law enforcement, and a structured environment. It is the lack of these three elements that lead to chaos on the island. Due to not having proper leadership, Ralph and Jack, two of the

On The Island

1007 words - 5 pages On the Island by Tracey Garvis Graves is a remarkable romance novel that keeps you on your feet. There is much more to look forward to than the cliché “stranded on an island” novel idea. The most unique characteristic about this book is the multiple points of view layout that it consists; a challenging concept to achieve but exceeds beyond all expectations. Multiple points of view in a story appear to be a complicated and confusing concept to

Hauntings on the Island of the Alcatraz Prison

1464 words - 6 pages Have you ever heard of the hauntings on the island of the Alcatraz prison? About the ghostly sightings, freezing cells, extra counts, and mysterious murders? Are these real life sightings or just some legends told around the campfire? The stories are about the man with the glowing eyes, Cellblock D, and the lighthouse. To this day the ghosts still roam the abandoned cells and linger in the empty halls waiting to be noticed. The Island of

Did Something Go Wrong On The Island? (An Essay About The Problems On The Island In Lord Of The Flies)

801 words - 4 pages roles to different groups of boys. The system is pretty good. Shelters are being built. Food is being hunted and gathered. A signal fire is lit on top of the mountain in the center of the island, so that in the case that someone in a ship or a plane came close to the island, they might be rescued. By the end of the book, what’s left of this group of boys is a large tribe of savages led by Jack, trying to hunt Ralph, who is the only one who

The Island of Jamaica

4119 words - 16 pages . Rain falls in Jamaica 12 months of the year because it is a rainy tropical climate. The average rainfall is 196 cm per annum. The main months for raining, however, are May to June and September to October. The major differences in elevation cause the rain to fall almost 600 cm per annum on the mountains and only 89 cm on the southeast coast. Hurricanes can strike anytime between June and October. One of the main hurricanes to hit

The Island of Crete

1597 words - 6 pages Greek.? From west to east these districts are Hania, Rethymnon, Iraklion, and Lassithi. In each of these districts are several municipalities and each of those municipalities is further broken down into several towns and villages. The major tourist spots are on the north side of the island, and subsequently all major towns are also on that side of the island. The east side of the island is by far the driest with the occasional olive tree and

"The Island of Dr.Moreau"

517 words - 2 pages The topic on which this essay briefly covers is based on the novel of "The Island of Dr. Moreau". The Island of Dr.Moreau is based on a man who tries to play god and it allbackfires on him. He does experiments where he mixes animals with humans creating a whole new creature. This novel fits into the science-fiction genre because this book has alot to do with scientists and creation of something new due to tests being done. The definition of

The Island of Lampedusa

1081 words - 5 pages The Odyssey Book Recently Found Between Books 9 and 10 The Island of Lampedusa "From the Cyclops' island we sailed for five days. On the morning of the sixth, when Dawn with her rose-red fingers shone once more, we spotted a small island. I told my men to approach it so we might see if the inhabitants were god fearing men like us or like the wretched Polyphemus we had just escaped the clutches of. As we neared the island

Similar Essays

Metacom And His Impact On The State Of Rhode Island

1574 words - 6 pages that Native Americans were considered U.S. citizens. The Wheeler-Howard Act was passed to protect Native American culture and the Indian Reorganization Act restored lands to tribes, recognized their constitutions, and provided them with loans so they could achieve .Metacom and King Phillip's War have also had major impacts on the state of Rhode Island. Ten percent of the male population in New England at that time was killed, making it the most

The Formation Of Hurricanes Essay

1546 words - 6 pages hurricane force (less than 74 miles per hour.) Hurricanes over the Atlantic often begin near Africa, drift west on the Trade Winds, and veer north as they meet the winds coming eastward across North America. Hurricanes over the Eastern Pacific begin in the warm waters off the Central American and Mexican coasts. Eastern and Central Pacific storms are called "hurricanes." Storms to the west of the International Date Line

The Impact Of Robinson Crusoe Essays On The Ecology Of The Island

788 words - 3 pages Daniel Defoe wrote his fictional novel Robinson Crusoe during the 18th century, a time of colonization, and the British agricultural revolution. In the novel Robinson Crusoe desires civilization and comforts during his years on the island, so much that he alters the ecology of the fictional “island” in order to fulfill his craving. Consequently, Robinson Crusoe changes the ecology of the island, with the introduction of invasive species

Hurricanes And Their Effects On Louisiana: A Paper About Coastal Erosion On The Coasts Of Louisiana

1326 words - 5 pages . These eyes can be greater than 20 miles depending on the size of the storm. To be classified as a hurricane, the storm must generate winds greater than 74 miles per hour .How do Tropical Storms Relate and What is the Saffir-Simpson Scale?If thunderstorms are the baby version of hurricanes, then tropical storms are the adolescents. At 38 miles per hour, the circling thunderstorms have officially reached their young adult hood; they are known as