The Legacy Of George Rogers Clark

1314 words - 5 pages

George Roger Clark was known as the "Conqueror of the Old Northwest" during the American Revolutionary War. George Clark had became a huge help to capturing British and Indian territory, Northwest of the Thirteen Colonies. Clark was a military leader for the American colonists in the American Revolutionary War, helping the Americans be successful in the Northwest, and was known for conquering most of the Northwest Territory for the thirteen colonies. (“George Rogers Clark” 1)
Clark, during the 1770’s, was helping Kentucky defend itself from Native Americans. At the time, Clark was transporting gunpowder to the frontier between the Americans and the British. The Native Americans, who lived in the Northwest, disliked the Americans in the Northwest and their claim on Kentucky and with the British backing, waged war with the Americans. Clark was now in charge of defending the settlements and was promoted to major. Clark then made plans in taking British held forts in the region and persuaded Governor Patrick Henry to support him in capturing the forts. Clark had won the support of Patrick Henry, was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and was given command of the mission (“George Clark” 1). With the command of the mission, Clark had lead 175 men who traveled to Fort Kaskaskia, Illinois in six days. The fort was almost defenseless and was easily taken with Clark’s force. Clark had sent Captain Leonard Helm to capture Fort Sackville, after learning that the fort was undefended from American spies. Leonard Helm had then captured the fort, but was taken back by Henry Hamilton shortly after. Henry Hamilton, the famous British “Hair Buyer”, used militia and Native Americans to take Fort Sackville. In the winter, Clark lead a force of 170 men to retake Fort Sackville, also known as Fort Vincennes. The force had arrived at the fort in February 23, 1779, exhausted and low on supplies. Clark knew he would be outnumbered, but he devised a plan to take the fort anyway. Clark intimidated the British defenders that Clark’s force was larger than expected. His plan was to siege the fort, fly a number of flags, and execute Native Americans, while keeping out of sight. Henry Hamilton had surrendered and given up the fort in February 25, 1779 (Griffin, Jones, and Waller 1). Clark’s main objective was to take Detroit from Britain. On June 1780, a mixed force of British and Indians had traveled from Detroit and invaded Kentucky. The attack against Kentucky was successful and had captured two settlements and hundreds of prisoners. On August 1780, Clark had gathered a retaliation force to fight the Shawnee. The result of the battle was the defeat the Shawnee near Springfield, Ohio.
On October 17, 1781, General Cornwallis of the British had been captured in Yorktown and peace negotiations had begun. The British in the Northwest had not known about this defeat and kept fighting the Americans. On September 1781, General William Irvine had been in charge of the Western...

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