The Pq Has Benefitted Francophones In Quebec

1288 words - 5 pages

The PQ was formed on 1968 as a result of the merger of Mouvement Souveraineté-Association and the Ralliement national (Columbia Encyclopedia). The goal of the PQ was to obtain political, economic and social autonomy for the province of Quebec. From René Lévesque, to today’s party leader, Pauline Marois, the Parti Québécois has been in power five times, once a minority, and four times a majority government (Columbia Encyclopedia). The PQ has done a lot for Quebec over the little time they have been in power. They’ve helped Quebec rely less on the Canadian government, becoming more independent. The PQ, and future members, helped Quebec’s economy by urbanizing Quebec and starting an era of megaprojects. The PQ introduced policies like Bill 22 and Bill 101 to help make the French-speaking populous in Quebec feel less alienated in their own province. It is for these three reasons that this essay will argue that PQ helped Quebec become a better place for francophone’s.

“Vive le Quebec libre!” -Charles de Gaulle. The French President shouts while giving a speech at expo 67. De Gaulle’s speech gave the Quebec Independence Movement further public credibility, and gave the citizens of Quebec the impression that independence isn’t that ridiculous (Canadian Encyclopedia). In 1969, the FLQ stepped up its’ violent efforts and claimed responsibility for the bombing of the Montréal stock exchange, kidnapping the British trade commissioner, and killing the Quebec Labor Minister (Harold Waller). Jacques Parizeau or Rene Levesque never resorted to violence when trying to win Quebec’s independence; they strived to become independent using only diplomatic ways (Fraser, Graham). The Parti Québécois has led Quebecers through unsuccessful referendums two separate times, the first in 1980, asking the public if they would allow the PQ to negotiate with the Canadian government on sovereignty-association (Bain 306). Many people were swayed to vote against the referendum by the offer of Trudeau working with the provinces to change the constitution (Bain 306). The second referendum in 1995 was led by Jacques Parizeau for full independence of Quebec but the vote was in favor of the No side with 50.6 % (Bain 367). The PQ today is still interested in sovereignty; they believe that sovereignty will make Quebec a better place. The PQ wants to do what they wish with their taxes, to create laws that suit them, to have their own foreign policy, andthey believe sovereignty would help them with their economic status (PQ’s website).

The economy of Quebec is 19.65 % of the total GDP of Canada, about 1/5 of the Canadian economy comes from Quebec (PQ’s website). All of that wealth comes from when the PQ revolutionized Quebec’s economy during the quiet revolution (Godin 138). The future premier of Quebec introduces his plans for Hydro Quebec in 1962 when he was minister of utilities; the project quickly became a symbol of innovation in Quebec (Sherry Olson). The hydro-Quebec project...

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