The Qin Era. Essay

1824 words - 7 pages

During the reign of Qin Shihuangdi, many major changes to China had occurred which would change the history of the country forever. The Qin Emperor was the one responsible for this change; he reunited China as one and ended the Warring of States period. Before 1974, little had been known about the 'First Emperor of China'. Since the discovery of the Terracotta Warriors, more history of Ancient China and the Qin emperor slowly began to unravel. This essay will be discussing the many different aspects of Ancient China and the Qin Dynasty that were uncovered when the Entombed Warriors were found and the significant events that occurred during the reign of the Qin Emperor. This includes the dictatorship of the Qin Emperor, the Warring States Period, the uniting of China, the Great Wall of China, and the Entombed Warriors.Qin Shihuangdi was born in 259 B.C, a time when China was divided into seven states (Qin, Han, Wu, Zhao, Chu, Qi and Yan) which were constantly at war with each other; this time was referred to as the Warring of States period . Qin Shihuangdi rose to the throne as Emperor when he was just merely thirteen years old. From the ages of thirteen to twenty two, Qin Shihuangdi's mother and an official named Lu Buwei handled the political affairs; it was in 246 B.C, at age twenty two, that Qin Shihuangdi took over. Over a few years, he began to go into war with the six states and conquered all six states. Thus, in 221 B.C, the Qin Emperor united all seven states as one and ended the two hundred years of bloodshed amongst the seven states, the states no longer thought of themselves as different tribes, but all of the same distinct nationality - Chinese.Qin Shihuangdi made many changes that were meant to unify China as one. First, Qin Shihuangdi implemented a Legalist form of government. The area was divided up in thirty six commandaries which were then subdivided into counties. These commandaries had an imperial inspector, a military commander, and a civil governor. The leaders of the commanderies had to report to the Emperor in writing to inform him of how the countries were doing. The state had absolute power over the people and the nobility had lost their power, they were all moved from their homes to the Capital so that the emperor could keep close watch on them.The Qin Emperor was also responsible for standardizing the language and writing of China, this was much needed as the language and writing varied greatly throughout China. In order for China to become unified, they must have had to be able to communicate with each other. Qin Shihuangdi also unified the system of weights and measures and issued a standard form of money which all seven states were to use. The money was in the form of a small round coin which had a square hole in the centre. Roads and irrigation canals were also built throughout the country and there was also a massive palace built for the emperor.One of the most famous sights in the world would undoubtedly be the...

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