The Importance Of South Africa To Canada

1643 words - 7 pages

Introduction:
South Africa is located at the southern tip of Africa (that’s how it got the name) and covers an area of 1,219,912 km². South Africa has a long and interesting history with racism and apartheid, but when you get to know more about South Africa you’ll be surprised by how amazing this country actually is. I would definitely like to live or travel there because of its wonderful scenery and culture.
Demographic issues:
South Africa has a population of 48million and about 12% (5.7million) of it is suffering with HIV. HIV has been growing rapidly in the past two decades, more than any country in the world. This is increasing the death rate by 31% in South Africa.HIV can’t be cured from any person who has it but It can be prevented from passing to another person by not having a sexual interaction with an HIV positive person. The population of South Africa is still growing rapidly due to the high birth rate and immigration (the population growth rate is 1.34% and is expected to rise in the future). Another big problem in South Africa is unemployment, South Africa has one of the worst youth-unemployment problems in the world, it’s expected that about half of the population will be unemployed in the future. what they can do to help fix this problem is to teach the youth properly so they can grow up and find a jobs, they also should increase the amount of available jobs in any way possible, example: removing machines from doing work to allow more human workers. The HIV has also affected the expectancy rate in South Africa, making it into one of the lowest in the world (50) in 2010, but now the expectancy rate has risen up to 58 which Is still low. To increase the expectancy rate they should build more hospitals and improve their medical education systems.
Economic issues:
After South Africa’s democratic elections, their economic issues started improving strongly and now South Africa has the 23rd largest economy in the world. South Africa has changed from a primary and secondary economy in the mid-twentieth century to a tertiary economy, which accounts for 60% of GPD (gross domestic product), with 16% of it being general government services. The increase in the tertiary economy is due to the decrease in primary and secondary industries, they have decreased because machines have been taking over the worker’s job, and so the human workers goes to find work in the tertiary sector. South Africa’s primary industries are popular for their diamond, gold and coal but their contribution to the economy are really low, and only provide 4% of GPD with 3% of it being mining (mainly gold), the decrease in the primary is because of the high rate of the tertiary sector, south Africa are currently importing their goods from other countries which means that they won’t be selling their goods that they produce and so they won’t be needed so primary economy will reduce. The secondary industry's contribution to the economy is pretty high but much lower than...

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