The Three Social Paradigms Essay

685 words - 3 pages

The three sociology paradigms are Symbolic Interaction Theory, Structure – Function Theory, Conflict Theory. Paradigms are a models or frameworks for observation and understanding which shapes both what we see and how we understand it. Meaning that these three theories are how we understand sociology. These three theories work on macro or micro level. Micro level or local level meaning the research population typically is an individual in their social setting. Marco-level or global level refers to interactions on an economic scale.

Symbolic Interaction
Symbolic Interaction is Micro level theory that states that people use symbols to interact. This theory comes from Max Weber who believed that religion, was a major force of social change not just economics. But it was George H. Mead introduced it to American sociology in the 1920’s. And Erving Goffman that explained face - to – face interactions and relationships are a part of Symbolic Interaction. In deaf this theory means people become attached to meanings and symbols and with those attachments people they act according to interpretation of these symbols. A great example would be the use of the human lauglues. Every leugles symbols have to be inpterted by sender and the receiver and they both hope that symbols meanings are the same. If not you can end up in with misunderstands between people.

Structure-Function theory is at the macro-level and states that society can be seen as a complex organism. And that it’s made up of interrelated parts that work together. Also, like an organism if society is to function smoothly its parts well follow suit and work together in harmony. But well the parts start to not work in order dysfunction happens. In short this approach looks at how social structures are working together.
Example “The war in Iraq which began in 2003, according to the Functionalist paradigm, is being fought in order to maintain security and stability in the US by keeping terrorism at bay thousands of miles away. The September 11, 2001 terrorist attack was an act of extreme...

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