Theories Of European Integration Essay

1683 words - 7 pages

The European Union (EU) has ever expanded since its initial origin phases/stages of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1951 and the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1958 by the Inner Six countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Netherlands). Since its origins, the EU has integrated a substantial number of member-states to twenty-eight and are currently under the accession process some other countries eagerly waiting to join the European Union’s already large family. Through the years of the EU’s origins until its current state, many theories were developed regarding the European Integration, with the notion and objective to explicate and realize the direction of EU’s “character”, through the European Integration process while also theorizing the estimation of state-relationships of future candidate member-states and the impact on governments under a unilateral joint government –the EU. Theories regarding the European/Regional Integration have often been criticized and/or dismissed due to the EU’s former origin characteristic of Neofunctionalism (Haas 1958; Lindberg 1963) which befitted it at the time, but was later dismissed to the Intergovernmentalist theory (Hoffmann 1964; 1966) as various events unfolded. Time unfolds and many events ensue, which demand change or dismissiveness of theories which were previously considered valid and then outdated; this is why theories about the “character” of the European Integration are still a subject under scrutiny by scholars, as there is no one finite theory to explicate the precise character of EU.
The European Integration process was realized after the signing of the Paris Treaty by the Inner Six countries in 1951, which predicated that their economies and the economies of (potential) subsequent member states would be commonly controlled/managed by all participant states and/or special European Institutions. In order to comprehend the notion behind theorizing the European Integration we must bear in mind how it came in existence. One of the most influential theories, the “functionalist theory”, was devised after the WWII with the notion “how to achieve world peace” at its core which also motivated the creation of the United Nations (UN). The European Federalists on the other hand conceived the aforementioned theory in an entirely different way –the subordination of national governments and the realization of a “head” federal authority over them. Both approaches were thus merged into one theory conceived by Jean Monnet; the “functional-federalism” which in its turn proved to be a well of inspiration for other subsequent theories (Neofunctionalist theory) on European Integration.
Furthermore, the first theoretical attempt with the objective of comprehending the European Integration was labeled “Neofunctionalism”. It is worth mentioning that the aforementioned theory with its implicit criticism on the realist notion of that period, led to the creation of a renowned...

Find Another Essay On Theories of European Integration

European Integration Essay

1259 words - 5 pages full European integration.      The “establishment of the European Union in November 1993 reoriented the European movement .” The union incorporates a good portion of Western Europe and fundamentally acts as an enforcer of all the agreements the included nations make with each other in terms of trade and the “economic, political, and social stabilization of the entire continent .” As we seem to get closer to Europe’s

European Intergration Essay

2606 words - 10 pages European integration because such theories provide an explanation of the process. Therefore, historical institutionalism (HI) and historical materialism¬ will similarly be examined. The neofunctionalist approach to European integration emanates from the works of Ernest B Haas (1950). In his seminal book , Haas explained how the club of six came to initiate a new form of supranational cooperation. The theory, which was later embedded in the Monnet

Political and Economic Integration in Europe

631 words - 3 pages Following the multi-national crisis of World War II, Europe, as a whole, suffered from economic and political instability. Beginning with the creation of the Council of Europe in 1949, Europe began a process of political and economic integration, ultimately leading to the creation of the European Union. Europe’s economies became more closely tied due to the European Coal and Steel Community and the Treaty of Rome, which lead to The Economic

Is the European Union more than a regional state-system?

1928 words - 8 pages theories. However for our purposes the very broad definition mentioned above is used when referred to the federalists or intergovernmentalists. The essay will start by outlining the intergovernmentalist argument, then move on to discuss the response of the federalists to show that the European Union is much more than one of world's many regional state systems.The intergovernmentalist approach to the European Union is often closely aligned with

Analysis of the European Union’s Role as a Model Intergovernmental Organization

1610 words - 6 pages expanded geographically and in its authority (Kegley, 2009). In 2007, Buigaria and Romania were authorized as the 26th and the 27th sovereign Member States composing the European Union. This was a common impression even before the mentioned legal changes, particularly regarding the issue of integration and pursuit of “an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe” as set out in the preamble of the founding Treaty of Rome (Napel and Widgren, 2006

Multi-Level Governance in the European Union

5168 words - 21 pages theory of Multi-Level-Governance had not been developed before the Single European Act of Luxembourg and The Hague came into force in 1987. Prior hardly any supranational institutions existed. Most were exclusively or at least partly of intergovernmental kind as designed by the original Treaty of Rome. The influence of the European institutions was limited and the decision-procedure turned out to prevent integration as the Community’s members

Globalization and the State System of Government

2554 words - 10 pages . Nicole Itano puts it best in her article, “South Africa’s Political Parties Rise Above Old Hostilities,” when she says, “The ANC has opened its arms to its former oppressor” (Internet). However, for the best example of a changing identity in the wake of globalization, one should look to Europe, where the European Union is poised to be the ‘poster-child’ of integration. It all started in the wake of World War II, and for very realist

The Common Foreign And Security Policy Of The EU At The Beginning Of The 21st Century

964 words - 4 pages Mr. Chalupský, it seems hard to choose an appropriate topic concerning the European Union and of course, it is. Hence the basic question about the Union, now after more than fifty years of an unprecedented success mainly in the field of economic integration, appears to be clear: How is the future of the integration process and what is the final aim of it?Since the 1950s the European Communities have developed strong economic links between

The Impact of Globalization on State Relationships

846 words - 3 pages possibility of genuine peace" (Mearsheimer, 15). Of the institutionalist theories, liberal institutionalism provides the best link between economic integration and peace. However, critical theory is present in any institutionalism system in that fundamentally institutions require interstate discussions. According the Mearsheimer liberal institutionalism shows the most promise for peace in that "if a theory shows a strong causal connection between

The Tremendous Benefits of the European Union

1687 words - 7 pages of the European Union and its organizations. Since different theories of international relations view political events in vastly different ways, the standard schools of thought (realist, liberalist, and feminist) regarding these international organizations will be specifically examined regarding their opinion on EU developments. The European Union, in uniting the nations of Europe under a regional system of sovereign states, attempts to unify

The European Union and European National Sovereignty

889 words - 4 pages How the EU represents supra-nationalism which is having authority and jurisdiction above national governments? What institution in the EU represents this trend? European Union is one the world’s most dramatic examples of economic and political integration. A total of 27 states are compromising their national sovereignty by transferring many areas of their decision-making and authority to a supranational organization. We cannot call the

Similar Essays

The Economic Impact Of Integration Into The European Union

548 words - 3 pages the fact that integration into the EU will brisk trade with other countries of the EU because the number of obstacles in the Common Market will decrease. It means the abolition of barriers to exchanges between the EU and Lithuania, such as customs duties, quotas and different product standards. Businessmen will get a possibility to sell their goods and services not only to three million citizens but to all European countries. Besides, this will

Integration And Synthesis Of Three Grounded Theories And Conceptual Principles Of The Educational Leadership Field

3643 words - 15 pages Introduction The objective that I have for this paper is to present the integration and synthesis of at least three grounded theories and conceptual principles of the educational leadership field. Then, according with guidelines, I will compare and contrast those theories by using different authors’ perspectives, to critically analyze the body of knowledge achieved by those principles and explain how those theories in educational leadership add

Within The Context Of The Period 1880 1980, How Valid Are A.J.P Taylor’s Theories In Explaining European Imperialism In Africa?

665 words - 3 pages Within the context of the period 1880 -1980, how valid are A.J.P Taylor’s theories in explaining European imperialism in Africa? The colonisation of Africa occurred in the late nineteenth century, when a small group of European powers became suddenly involved in a territorial Partition of Africa. In the time between 1880 and 1900, “90% of the territory of Africa was appropriated by a handful of European powers” . This event sparked an intense

Relation Of Knowledge And The Integration Of The European Union

907 words - 4 pages Knowledge is of the utmost importance to the modern man. Information technology and communications have experienced the greatest development in the past years, and we have entered the twenty-first century as a very knowledge-conscious society. To be part of the world, it is essential to keep up with all the latest advances, and to have a mind open to all cultures and nations, so that we could all work together towards a brighter tomorrow as