Transformational & Transactional Leadership Essay

925 words - 4 pages

Introduction
Over the past twenty years, an abundant body of researches have been done to review transformational leadership and transactional leadership. Burn (1978) was the first person to introduce and conceptualize the concept of transformational leadership and transactional leadership. Bass (1985) based on Burn’s concept and deepen his notion with modifications, which stated that one of the best frameworks of leadership is transformational or transactional, but not opposing to each other. Followed by Bass and Avolio (1994), they provide the idea of these two leaderships and generalize them into the development of global economic world. Bass and Avolio (1997) also suggested that there was no need to view transformational and transactional leadership as opposing ways or leaderships when we applied them into our management. Recently, researchers have begun to increase the interest of investigating the relationship between these two leaderships and seeking the influences and correlation with other features, like personality, performance and behaviour towards effectiveness (Hartnell & Walumbwa, 2011, p. 225; Rowld & Rohmann, 2009, p. 42; Bono & Judge, 2004, p. 901; Eeden, Cilliers & Deventer, 2008, p. 253). In this essay, I would like to distinguish transformational and transactional leadership and talk the possible integrations between them.

Critical discussions
The main distinction of transformational and transactional leadership is the way that how leaders relate with followers and the acquisition they receive from each other (). Transactional leadership requires exchange of resources as the leader explains the procedure to followers and expects them to successfully complete their work to fulfil their needs (Eeden et al., 2008, p. 255). This is the part of transaction which satisfies followers’ needs as well by giving contingent reward as well. Leaders are aiming to control and surveillance employees through sensible and thrifty intention (Bass, 1985). It simply requires an agreement between leaders and followers toward organization goal (Burns, 1978). In transformation leadership, leaders focus on changing followers’ moral sensibilities and potentially increasing their motivation beyond self-interest (Kezar & Eckel, 2008, p. 381). It needs more associated with outcome criteria than transactional leadership (Rowold & Rohmann, 2009, p. 42). Transformation leadership helps to build positive relationship among staff and raising their morale. In contrast, transactional leadership helps to build the fundamental structure of the organisation (Kezar & Eckel, 2008, p. 383).

Transformational leadership are clarified into four dimensions which are pointed out by Bass (1990, p. 28), ‘charisma, idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration’. Apart from these basic roles, charisma leadership has its own role of literature since it has similarity with transformational...

Find Another Essay On Transformational & Transactional Leadership

Changing Hats: Incorporating Transactional, Transformational and Complexivist Leadership Styles into 21st Century Classrooms

2970 words - 12 pages nature of our society. This needs to be reflected in the classroom. In my essay, I will argue that as teachers we need to draw from both transactional and transformational theories of leadership as they can help us understand how to effectively manage our learning environments but that we also need to begin to consider the complexity of an emerging society, promoting both creative and critical thinking. This requires us to move beyond these

The Study of Leadership and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire

1817 words - 7 pages approach was only after the work of the political sociologist James McGregor. In his book Leadership(1978), he attempted to link the roles of leadership and followership. He also distinguished leadership into transformational leadership and transactional leadership. According to Burns(1978), transactional leaders are those who work on the exchange principle and transforming leaders are those who engage with the followers and raise their motivation and

Leadership and complex adaptive systems

1710 words - 7 pages Although current leadership theory emphasizes the distinction between transactional and transformational leadership, in fact, most leaders have a mixed profile of the full range of leadership styles. The best form of leadership is not only transformational or only transactional, but rather a combination of the two. However, in order to better understand each style's pros and cons, they have to be discussed in terms of similarities and

Characteristics of a Leader and Two Types of Leadership

1001 words - 5 pages ability to influence others to think like he does; which is an inperative feature in a transformational leader. Gates also does what he does for the good of his cause whether it is for the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation or for Microsoft. Transactional leadership on the other hand is more concerned with maintaining things as they should be. It is only concerned with keeping things in order and not looking outside of the box. This is the complete

The Immersion of Transformational Leadership

3730 words - 15 pages leadership theory, to which he called transactional leadership, to one of a more influential and dynamic form of leadership known as transformational leadership (Johnson, 2012, p. 190). Burns suggested that the transactional leader provided only the most basic of needs, such as food, shelter, and acceptance. This was achieved through the exchange of monetary funds and benefits through which the followers could achieve such needs. Acceptance was

Leadership Models and Communication

1117 words - 4 pages premise of this "full range" leadership model (Avolio & Bass, 1989, p. 163) is that transformational leadership is not viewed as opposite ends of a continuum. The same leader can display each of the full range of behaviors or styles (i.e. transactional, transformational and even laissez-faire). Thus, transformational leadership does not replace transactional leadership but adds to it by encouraging followers and colleagues to put in the extra

Transformational leadership for change

703 words - 3 pages Transformational leadership is an important contemporary theory of leadership. Its one leadership style consistent with successful organizational change management.Burns argued that all leadership behavior is either transactional or transformational. Transactional behaviors are "largely oriented toward accomplishing the tasks at hand and at maintaining good relations with those working with the leader [exchanging promises of rewards for

Transformational Leadership and schools

1783 words - 8 pages and morality. Their purpose, which might have started out as separate but related, as in the case of transactional leadership, become fused…. But transforming leadership ultimately becomes moral in that raises the level of human conduct and ethical aspiration of both the leader and the led, and thus it has a transforming effect on both” (Burns, Transforming leadership, 2003). In this research we will analyze the transformational leadership more in

leadership, gendercomparison

1497 words - 6 pages Leadership Styles and gender perceptions Leadership as described by Griffin, (2002) is a complex discipline that appraises the evolution of leadership models from trait theories, behaviourist theories, situational leadership, contingency theory up to modern leadership style trends of transactional and transformational leadership. Burn’s (1978) view is the preferred and more effective style is transformational leadership which is considered to

Impact of Leadership Styles on Job Satisfaction with the moderating role of Employee Empowerment

2157 words - 9 pages approaches focus on transformational (Bass, 1985), transactional (Bass,1985), charismatic (House, 1977), inspirational or visionary (Westley and Mintzberg,1989) leadership as the peculiars of top level leaders with an emphasis upon the leader’s role in the formation of firm’s culture and the management of meaning (Bryman et al., 1996). Mostly, transformational managers and supervisors teach their own employees that how to be team players, how to work

How Personality Traits and Leadership Styles Influence Organizational Leadership

1618 words - 6 pages leadership is a synonym for effective management. Because transformational leaders are efficient at communicating the organizational vision, as extroverts, they influence others to accept the vision as well (as cited in Cable & Judge, 2003; Rosete & Ciarrochi, 2005). While some people would prefer to work under a charismatic, transformational leader, organizations also benefit from the transactional leader. The biggest difference between a

Similar Essays

Leadership: Transactional Versus Transformational Essay

1026 words - 5 pages Weber (1920/1947, p. 358-359) described charisma, as a personality characteristic possessed by extraordinary, god-like exemplars. Robbins and Langton (2003, p. 395) asserted that the two most popular approaches to leadership are contingency models and the study of charisma. Burns (1978, p. 4) who built upon the work of Weber categorized two types of leaders, transactional and transformational. Kuhnert and Lewis (1987, p. 650) argued that

Transformational Vs. Transactional Leadership Essay

1947 words - 8 pages Introduction Over the past twenty years, an abundant body of researches have been done to review transformational leadership and transactional leadership. Burn (1978) was the first person to introduce and conceptualize the concept of transformational leadership and transactional leadership. Bass (1985) based on Burn’s concept and deepened his notion with modifications, which stated that one of the best frameworks of leadership is

Transformational Versus Transactional Leadership Essay

740 words - 3 pages the satisfaction of consumers (Aarons, 2006, p. 1163). It is evident that there is a difference between transformational and transactional leadership. The two forms of leaderships are seen to have a diverse relation to cultural and organizational boundaries studied in a number of research cases (Aarons, 2006, p. 1163). There are cases where leaders use both forms of leadership to enhance the output of their commitment to the organizations. This

Transactional Vs. Transformational Leadership Essay

3160 words - 13 pages Article Summary http://johnsardelli.wordpress.com/2013/05/07/howard-shultz-starbucks-and-maslow/ In the above article it discusses the transformational leadership style of Howard Schultz and it’s a effectiveness, we also see a comparison between transactional leadership and transformational leadership. Howard Schultz’s leadership style forces him to be more of a motivation towards his employee’s and also makes him take up a more proactive