Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) also known as intracranial injury occurs when trauma causes damage to the brain. This is a result of a fall, an accident, or a sudden hit to the head that causes damage to the brain tissue. TBI symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on exact damage. Someone experiencing mild TBI may experience a loss of consciousness for a few seconds. Some symptoms of mild TBI are confusion, headaches, blurred vision, lightheadedness, dizziness, behavioral or mood changes, and problems with memory or thinking. A person with moderate or severe TBI experience the same symptoms, but their headaches never really go away, have convulsion, loss of coordination, and inability to awaken from sleep. Anyone suffering from moderate or severe TBI must seek medical attention immediately. TBI can cause emotional, behavioral, cognitive, physical, and social problems. It can be a major cause of disability and even lead to death.
A brain injury can cause emotional and behavioral problems like having problems expressing their emotions or mood swings. A person can get angry easily, but get over it very quickly. A person can have uncontrollable laughing and crying episodes. They may laugh at a sad story and cry at a funny story. They have no control over their emotions. They can have an outburst at anytime and their family members don’t understand what may have triggered that may outburst. The family members may think they did something to upset that person. TBI can also trigger aggressive behavior. According to Rao et al. (2009),
Aggression is one of the most common consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). …Aggression may manifest as verbal and/or physical aggression, but it is unclear if differing expressions of aggression are distinct syndromes or if they constitute a continuum of symptoms. …Post-TBI aggression may be a symptom of delirium, mood disorder, or personality change secondary to TBI. (pp. 240-241)
TBI can contribute to psychiatric problems including substance abuse, depression and anxiety. Some experience post-traumatic stress disorder which can result in a blow to the head during an accident or even war. PTSD is a recurring traumatic event you have experienced. That traumatic event can cause outburst and different other types of radical behavior.
Severe TBI can result in impaired social functioning. “People with TBI have been found to have difficulty recognizing faux pas and interpreting ambiguous advertisements, sarcastic remarks, and the nature of interpersonal relationships” (McDonald and Flanagan, 2004, p. 573). People are unable to interpret the meaning of certain comments that are made by others. They do not have the ability to read the emotional state of others. TBI can cause communication problems that the person is unable to finish a complete sentence. They will also have problems with understanding an individual’s perspective. People who have a TBI will have trouble being successful at home or at work...