What Is Cognitive Psychology? Essay

1016 words - 4 pages

When an individual faces a problem, they may not know its solution, but might have insight, increasing knowledge, and a notion of what they are looking for. When an individual faces a mystery, however, they might only be able to stare in wonder and puzzlement, not knowing what an explanation would even look like. Many theories have been projected over the years to explain the developmental adjustments that individuals experience over the path of their lives. These theories vary in the beliefs of human nature they embrace and in what they consider to be the essential causes and means of human inspiration and behavior. Cognitive psychology has had many stemmed milestones and has become one of the major schools of thought within psychology which examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language, studying how people think, perceive, remember, learn, and behave.The cognitive perspective in psychology resides on a literal and figurative school of "thought". Cognitive psychology "focuses on how people perceive, process and retrieve information" (Kowalski & Western, 2005, p. 15). Thoughts and memories are the mechanisms that structure, guide and determine how an individual behaves. Mental thought processing is the focal point of cognitive psychology, and resulting behavior that is formed through the mental connection of thoughts in the mind, spirit and soul, or input. "From this perspective, thinking is information processing: The environment provides inputs, which are transformed, stored, and retrieved using various mental programs, leading to specific response outputs" (Kowalski & Western, 2005, p.15). With a focus on how individuals process information like memory or make decisions, the cognitive perspective makes the assumption that the thought process determines human behavior. The cognitive perspective leads the way to modern day behaviorism.The behaviorist perspective is based on the assumptions that environmental influences determine observable behavior. "The behaviorist perspective focuses on the way objects or the events in the environment (stimuli) come together to control behavior through learning" (Kowalski & Western, 2005, p.13). Behaviorism dismisses the inner thoughts and feelings of an individual, instead focusing on the controlling desired behavior through learning based on negative and positive encouragement. B.F. Skinner (1904-1990), a psychologist, contributed greatly to the field of psychology in the arena of behaviorism.In the late 19th century many psychologists became more fascinated in cognition. After following earlier behaviorists and their theories, such as Jean Piaget in the early 19th century with his interest in child thought, B.F. Skinner in the mid 19th century with his language and operant conditioning, or even Noam Chomsky who disputed B.F. Skinner's theory a few years after. What substituted these behaviorists' theories after many uncertainties of proficiency was what is...

Find Another Essay On What is cognitive psychology?

What Is Psychology? Essay

748 words - 3 pages What is Psychology? Psychology "" the scientific study of the behaviour and experience of how human beings and animals' sense, learn and know.The word psychology originated from the two Greek words: "psyche" and "logos". The word "psyche" means "mind, soul or spirit" and "logos" means "to study".Historically, psychology has been divided into many sub fields of study. Some of which overlap each other with theories and are interrelated. (A diagram

What is Environmental Psychology Essay

854 words - 3 pages Running Head: ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY PAGE 1 Environmental Psychology PaperPSY/460 - Environmental PsychologyFinding its origins in architectural psychology, environmental psychology is concerned with the relationship between human beings and their surroundings. In a campaign to improve mental hospitals nearly fifty years ago, architects turned to psychologists for help with understanding the cognitive and social behaviors of human beings and

What is the Classification of Psychology?

2428 words - 10 pages tied to the biological science; because, humans are evolved organisms, meaning that current human evolution depended on what previous ancestors did in the past (Catania, 2013). Catania, believes that past and current behavior analysis is the framework of psychology. He supports his claim that psychology is a science of behavior through variation and selection at three different levels of phylogeny, ontogeny, and culture. Phylogeny is known as

What is Humanistic Psychology and why is it called the third force in Psychology?

1878 words - 8 pages ).Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that has been constantly striving to become more useful to people in helping them with their problems (such as phobias or mental illnesses) since the opening of the first clinic at the University of Pennsylvania in 1896. Naturally the three forces of psychology all have different ways in which they attempt to achieve this same goal. Firstly, with his psychodynamic theory Freud devised what he called

How and to what extent is dyslexia a cognitive deficit? Draw on different explanations of dyslexia to build your argument

1578 words - 6 pages are interwoven. One cannot exist without each other. Behaviour identifies the condition and examination of the internal workings of the body and brain can indicate what causes the condition.Dyslexia cannot be isolated as either a biological, cognitive or behavioral deficit but identified within all three. It is important therefore to examine how they interact with each other to further understand and treat the condition correctly.References:Wood, C and Richardson A 'Normal' development? The case of dyslexia, in Crooper, T and Roth I (eds), Challenging Psychological Issues Milton Keynes, The Open University

Social Psychology, what is it and what can it help us learn about ourselves and others actions

3226 words - 13 pages you, is some of the information provided by an expert. Does the other peoples actions seem more sensible, if I act as the group will it go against my own sense of what is right and wrong. If we are conscious of how informational social influences work we can better determine when and how we use it in our daily lives.The section of Social Psychology that I was most interested as a typical woman was attraction and relationships. Yet while studying

What is the significance of adolescent psychology and is it important for an educator to be knowledgeable of it?

1151 words - 5 pages Spring 2014 Adolescence is a transitional period we will all come to experience. What makes adolescence stand out is that it is a period in our lives that links what we have experienced in our childhood to developing and shaping the individuals we will become during adulthood. This particular field in psychology calls for a focus on young people’s abilities, strengths and developmental needs. There is an extensive amount of research that

Cognitive Psychology

2243 words - 9 pages Cognitive Psychology Psychology is defined as the study of mind, emotion and behaviour. One major perspective within psychology is known as cognitive psychology, which is primarily concerned with the explanation of thought processes through the development of theoretical mental systems. Cognitivism is somewhat broad in it’s approaches to

This essay is titled "Is Psychology a Science?" and analyses the subject from the root to what it has become today

2008 words - 8 pages ABOUT PSYCHOLOGYThere are several reasons why people have misconceptions about psychology. Ironically, a scientific psychological study could be made as to why these misconceptions exist.One reason could be described with the term "wishful thinking". The attacks on scientific psychology could be connected to a general ideological movement against science. There is a fear of what research might lead to, like a kind of social change for example. People

cognitive psychology

732 words - 3 pages Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, memory, decision-making, intelligence and thinking. Perception is concerned with the way we acquire knowledge. Attention is concerned with the acquisition and Memory is concerned with organizing and recalling knowledge that further helps us in learning, speaking and interaction, and the important aspect is as

Expert Witness Describe what an expert witness is. What do they add to the court room? Why are they important? This is a very good essay for Psychology and Law classes. It is detailed and well...

1461 words - 6 pages needed in custody evaluations. I am extremely fortunate to have two parents who show me unconditional love, who can support me (financially, physically, and emotionally), and live in very short distance from each other. If one parent is lacking at least one of these factors, then I can understand why a professional perspective would be essential. What happens in a courtroom is nothing close to what happens at home, and only an evaluator can witness

Similar Essays

What´S Cognitive Psychology? Essay

936 words - 4 pages Cognitive psychology or cognitive science is better known, intended to understand how human or machine access, store, retrieve and apply knowledge and information. Sensory evaluation is a field that analyse how food product perceived (Herve Abdi, 2002). Sensory evaluation showed scientific need to control stimulus that did not lead to the destruction of the complexity of natural and ecological validity. Sensory evaluation can open up new areas

What Is Psychology? Essay

947 words - 4 pages main difference between the two is that psychology focuses on the scientific method and Anthropology focuses on ethnography. The goal of anthropology is to provide a holistic account of human nature in the fullest possible context, including: the place where they live, the improvements they have made to that place, how they make a living and providing food, housing, energy and water for themselves, what their marriage customs are, what languages

What Is Environmental Psychology Essay

932 words - 4 pages What is Environmental Psychology?Psychology is a broad and ever-growing field that involves the study of the human mind and behavior. Within the field of psychology, there are various different branches, or sub-fields, one of which is environmental psychology. This branch of psychology is "an interdisciplinary and disparate field of study, enrolling researchers from psychology, geography, anthropology, sociology, planning and design

What Is Energy Psychology? Essay

1204 words - 5 pages Benefits Energy Psychology is astoundingly effective with fear, anxiety, and the emotional difficulties of everyday life, from unnecessary anger to intolerable feelings of guilt, shame, anger, jealousy, rejection, isolation, and grief. It helps change unwanted habits and behaviours and enhances the ability to love, succeed, and enjoy life. Average life coaches also incorporate energy psychology into their repertoire. They teach it to their