What Is Psychology? Essay

947 words - 4 pages

In 1929, psychology was defined as the study of consciousness. From about 1930 to1970, the definition of psychology changed with dealing more with the scientific study of behavior. From about 1970 on, psychology was defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. However, according to nowadays definition of psychology, it could be defined as the study of the behavior and human mind. Factors which influencing our behavior include physical, emotions, thoughts and social. It can help to solve humans’ problems if we have a complete understanding of the above factors.
There are 6 steps Scientific Method to understand or determine why people behave in certain ways. Which is making observation, defining a problem, proposing a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, theory building and lastly, publishing results. There are different aspects in psychology. For example, clinical psychology, health psychology, neuropsychology, counseling psychology or occupational psychology etc. However, clinical psychology and counseling psychology are the two main aspects which focusing on emotional problems.
Clinical Psychology is mainly focusing on assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental disorders. It often works in a medical setting. However, Clinical psychologists are not doctors as they cannot provide medicine service for patients. Beside mental health, clinical psychologists also have to deal with other fields like children's mental health, adult mental health, learning disabilities, emotional disorders, substance abuse, geriatric medicine and health psychology.
On the other hand, Counseling Psychology act as a psychology major, it promotes the entire life cycle of personal and interpersonal capabilities. It mainly focuses on the emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental and organizational concerns. Through research and practice, and with sensitivity to different kind of issues, this covers a wide range of professional practice, helping people to improve alleviate suffering and maladaptive, and improve their ability to live a better life.
The main difference between Counseling and Clinical Psychology is their point of view and training. Counseling psychology focuses more on the individual’s mental health, such as schizophrenia. Clinical psychology more focused on the nature of the medical treatment of the targeted disease. Counseling psychologists are considered to be generalists, they are trained in a variety of basic skills. Clinical psychologists are usually concentrated in one or several areas, such as depression, substance abuse. Recently, there are 3 complementary perspectives on behavior which are the biological perspective, the psychological perspective and the sociocultural perspective.
The biological perspective seeks to explain our behavior in terms of biological principle such as the brain processes, evolution and genetics aspects of our behavior. Biopsychlogists study how the brain...

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