What Makes Hayy Human? Hayy’s Physical Understanding Versus His Metaphysical Understanding Of His Surroundings

1126 words - 5 pages

Hayy’s quest for understanding presents the reader with contradictions throughout Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzãn. Throughout the book, the narrator presents the reader with two explanations and two understandings of Hayy’s life. Ibn Tufayl first presents the physical explanation or understanding and then accounts for the metaphysical explanation or understanding. Because Hayy grew up in solitude, he has a primitive knowledge of survival and understands only the metaphysical aspect of his life. When he meets Absal, he is presented with the physical aspect of life such as language and religion. However, what part of understanding makes Hayy human? Is it the physical understanding of his environment or his theoretical understanding? I believe that the physical understanding of life is a basic understanding of one’s surroundings and while humans are taught this throughout life, it’s the philosophical understanding that makes one a human.

The first account of a contradiction between the metaphysical world and the physical world is when the narrator explains two accounts of Hayy’s origins. The first account is that Hayy was born without parents because the climate was so perfect near the equator that he just came to be. The second account is that Hayy was that Hayy was sent in a wooden casket and was taken in by a doe that had recently lost its kid. The narrator questions the physical tale of being born out of the right temperature and even possible questions scientifically. Such an idea uses the physical materials and phenomena from Earth to create a living person. From this, Hayy does not learn what it means to be a human; he does not understand a connection with another person, or spirit, on a supernatural level.
The second, which the narrator seems to be more inclined to think it’s true, is the metaphysical story of being taken in by the doe. After Hayy is sent in a wooden casket the doe, which acts as his mother, represents a celestial spirit of Hayy’s mother. Hayy connects with the doe like it’s his real mother because of the spirit the animal possesses. It teaches Hayy to have a deeper understanding of love, affection, and the idea of growth from a child to an adult. Because Hayy is so connected to the doe, he understands more about the supernatural world than if he was born from thin air.

The second account of contradictions between the physical and metaphysical world occurs when Hayy learns the basic tools and skills to survive as a human. He discovers fire, eats a fish, and builds a hut to help him survive. While these are basic functions that a human must know it is quite primitive and is shared by animals. However, when he looks at the form of water he starts to question cause. Hayy starts to understand the philosophical aspect of his life. “Now Hayy knew by necessity that all that comes into being must have a cause.” Hayy comes to understand that all forms of being must have a cause and he has a cause for being. This is the first...

Find Another Essay On What Makes Hayy Human? Hayy’s Physical Understanding Versus his Metaphysical Understanding of his Surroundings

What does Bismarck's speech on the issue of the Poles reveal about his understanding of the German nation?

2304 words - 9 pages 30,000 Poles carried out the year before (1885) and serves as a response to the opponents of that expulsion, the Polish Party and the Central party. It was this domestic parliamentary reaction to these expulsion measures, the fact that he was being held answerable for his actions, which makes transparent Bismarck's understanding of the German nation. Compelled to defend the expulsions before the elected representatives of the nation, Bismarck did so

What Makes Us Bad: Understanding the Barriers to Effective Listening

1288 words - 5 pages perceived as unfocused or having little respect for the other party. Bad listening habits can be overcome, but this will need a concerted effort from the receiver. There are many techniques that a person can use. Look for verbal as well as non-verbal clues so that the speaker knows you are listening: body language; pitch; tone; word choice. All of these are indicators as to what is being said and will lead to greater understanding of the situation as

Bismarck's Speech on the Issue of the Poles and His Understanding of the German Nation

2325 words - 9 pages fortifying the only state strong enough to spearhead a united Germany. What makes this speech especially hard to decipher is the fact that Bismarck himself complicated our interpretation of his understanding of the German nation through his tendency to put forward an explanation based upon nationalism for just about everything he did. This ambiguity, becomes important when we realise that Bismarck was the chief source from which the next generation

Jean Rouch uses his films to gain a better understanding of Anthropology

4250 words - 17 pages commenting on the proceedings. There is, therefore, a sharp contrast between his 'poetic' principles and his rigorous methods, a contrast that produces unusual and ambiguous results.If "anthropology must destroy what it investigates", it can be said that Rouch is not concerned in human nature as a lifeless object in front of the lenses, but he wants to capture it as it breaths, moves, and evolves; the camera then becomes essential in recording life

Understanding Human Behaviour

1826 words - 7 pages self evaluation/self assessment as it relates to leaders today Having an understanding of organisational behaviour, and thus human behaviour is a must for managers and a bonus for anyone else within the business. An important area within OB is leadership and all leaders must have a good understanding of themselves before they try to manage others. By using self assessments it can help to evaluate yourself and give you more clarity of what others

John Locke: Human Understanding

1793 words - 7 pages When considering knowledge, Locke is interested in the ability for us to know something, the capacity of gathering and using information and understanding the limits of what we know. He believes this also leads him to realise what we perhaps, cannot know. [1] He wants to find out about the origin of our ideas. His main stand-point is that we don’t have innate ideas and he aims to get rid of the sceptical doubt about what we know. The innate

Understanding Human Sexual Behavior

2168 words - 9 pages A fundamental step for understanding the links between human nature and intimate relationships is by understanding human sexuality. Alfred Kinsey, in his pioneering study on human sexual behaviour, illustrated the degree to which individuals differ in their sexual attitudes, beliefs and preferences (Kinsey, Pomeroy & Martin, 1948). In particular, a marked difference was highlighted in individuals’ sociosexual attitudes and behaviours. Following

How Understanding of Non-verbal Communication Makes Business Communication Effective

1219 words - 5 pages . It is essential that we move our body because the whole audience relies on our face, hands, legs, etc. Nervousness is what makes it a bit difficult but a business communicator has to avoid it to be effective.3.4 TIME (Chronemics): This is the way we perceive structure and react to time during communication. Time management skill is one of the qualities of business communicator and it is believed that vivid understanding of chronemics makes you

Neil Jordan - Appearances and understanding of his works, his autuerism, deceptions, use of realism and fantasy, gender roles and use of visual surfaces. complete with references

2615 words - 10 pages , darkly comic that is; he says this reflects the way Irish people are. In some of his films he has taken scripts written by someone else and imposed his own directional style where he makes this script partly his and he becomes a co-writer of that script. This is evident in The Butcher Boy and The Good Thief. His trademark stamps of auteurism include his interest in appearances and visual surfaces to give the viewer depictions of themes and

Vijay Tendulkar’s “His Fifth Woman” is a play of Metaphysical Allegory

2432 words - 10 pages realities of life, relation and existence before audience. In fact he made drama common man’s property. He did not intend to transport his audience into an artificial world. His sole purpose in his plays was to bring about change in the society towards down-trodden people. He has been ever truthful to his people and true to his time. In this paper, Tendulkar’s “His Fifth Woman” is taken to evaluate as a play of metaphysical transformation

EDN221: Language and Teaching Assignment 1 Understanding Vygotsky’s learning theory and considering the implications of his ideas for future tea

999 words - 4 pages Theories abound about the learning process. Learning can occur in all different environments but what is it that truly fosters cognitive development? Lev Vygotsky theorised that children’s cognitive development is explicitly related to language and social interaction, and that through social interaction, children learn how to use language and experience the world as a member of their specific culture. In examining Vygotsky’s theories it is

Similar Essays

What Are The Consequences Of Nietzsche's Discussion Of Religion On His Understanding Of Morality?

831 words - 3 pages ones for religion, and then we moved on to sacrifice ourselves to God instead, including our freedom and our strength. From this the only thing left to sacrifice was God himself and we now worship nothing. Nietzsche's declaration of the "death of God" in another of his books shows the abandonment of our culture to commitment to the Christian faith, which is also partly due to the fact that less leisure time makes it harder to be a true

What Is The Connection Between Kant's View On Suicide And His Understanding Of The Moral Law?

871 words - 3 pages brings up specifically in his passage on suicide. Therefore his idea of suicide also fits in with the second formulation of the categorical imperative.This respect for intrinsic human worth also leads to the idea of promoting your own talents in order to strive for perfection. By committing suicide you would be actively preventing your own development towards perfection, you would be allowing all talents to fail and to fade away. In this way not only

Understanding The Mind Of Hamlet With His Soliloquies

1032 words - 4 pages Understanding the Mind of Hamlet with His Soliloquies The term soliloquy is a literary or dramatic form of discourse, within which a character talks to himself and reveals his inner thoughts without addressing a listener. Hamlet uses soliloquies to express his feelings towards his dead father and self loathing to the reader of the play but to none of the characters within it. Hamlet has a complex character and it

Understanding Of Human Behavior Essay

664 words - 3 pages By the very definition 'Psychology' is concerned with understanding predicting, and controlling 'Human behavior'. That holds true today, but different fields have differing emphases on (and definitions for) 'Understanding', 'predicting', and 'controlling', as well as differing in what they're prepared to include in their Understanding of 'Behavior'. While there are differences between various theoretical approaches and paradigms in psychology