What´S Conflict Theory? Essay

1092 words - 5 pages

Conflict theory is a theory that claims society is in a state of everlasting conflict due to competition for limited resources. Conflict theory holds that social order is preserved by domination and authority, rather than harmony and conformity. According to conflict theory, those with fortune and power try to hold on to it by any means possible, primarily by suppressing the underprivileged and powerless. Conflict theory also credits most of the fundamental developments in human history, such as democracy and civil rights, to attempt to control the common people rather than to a desire for social order. Conflict theory proposes that each individual or group struggles to attain the maximum ...view middle of the document...

The first assumption is social class conflict. Social class is often defined as the sum of income, status, education, or fame a person has. An example of social class conflict revolves around education, an educated man vs and uneducated man. Two men, John and Eddy, of the same race, body structure, dress, and speech apply for a well-paying job as a bank teller. Neither man has experience in the banking field or anyone to vouch for their work ethic. There is only one major difference that stands out of the unemployed men. John has a Bachelor’s degree in business and a minor in finances. Eddy has a high school diploma and twenty-three college credit hours under his belt. Who do you think wins the job? Eddy is turned down because of John has a higher education and is more capable of succeeding at the job. Another example of social class conflict revolves around status and fame. Cadillac Automobile Company is looking for a new face to promote the umping release of the 2015 Cadillac XTS Sedan. Retired NBA hall of famer, Larry Bird and Southern University Chancellor, James Llorens apply for the position. Cadillac would like a person who is known by a huge crowd and would most likely sell more cars. Due national fame and accomplishments of Larry Bird, he easily gets the nod for the job. Social class conflict plays a vital role in the conflict theory because society is a system among competing interest groups.
The second assumption is social change. Social change refers to the adjustment of mechanisms within the social structure, categorized by alterations in cultural symbols, rules of behavior, social organizations, or value systems. One of the utmost apparent social changes currently occurring is the change in global population distribution between countries. In recent decades, developing countries such as China and India have become a larger proportion of world population, increasing from 68% in 1950 to 82% in 2010, while population of the developed countries has declined from 32% of total world population in 1950 to 18% in 2010. China and India continue to be the largest countries, followed by the US as a distant third. However, population growth throughout the world is slowing. Population growth among developed countries has been slowing since the 1950s, and is now at 0.3% annual growth. Population growth among the less developed countries excluding the least...

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