All over the world, there are many people who believe in something or someone of a higher power. There are about five billion people who believe in a higher power (Tiemann 526). There are six world religions that have followers all around the world. The six world religions are Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Many of these religions are monotheistic, which is the belief of only one god or one higher power. There are also polytheistic believers, which is the belief in many or more than one god. These six world religions have a lot in common and they also have their differences that make their certain religion or belief special to them.
Christianity is the most widespread religion in the world with two billion followers. Many aspects of Christianity are based on Judaism (Tiemann 526). Christianity is based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Christ’s message to everyone is personal salvation and also promises faith and love triumphs over sin and death. The origins of Christianity are based on the book that Christians read, the Holy Bible. Christians believe the Bible is God’s word. In the Bible, God talks about The Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments are agreements between God and his chosen people. Christianity is an example of monotheism. What makes up the God that Christians believe is God the Father, God the son and God the Holy Spirit. The three of these makes up the Trinity of Christianity (Brown 76). Some of the Christian practices are gathering at churches for worship, fellowship and engage in the world through evangelism. One of the beliefs that Christians have is Jesus will come back to earth and take those who believe in Him back to Heaven.
In the Middle East, the religion that has the most followers is Islam. Islam has about 1.6 billion followers and the name for the followers is called Muslims (Tiemann 526). Muhammad is a prophet of God. The book that Muslims read is called the Qur’an and Muslims believed it to be the word of their God, Allah. This religion is also an example of monotheism. One of the practices that believers of this religion do is ritual prayers which they pray five times a day. There are five pillars Muslims do to prove that they are true believers. They must recognize Allah as the one true God and Muhammad as God’s messenger, practice ritual prayers, give to the poor, fast during the month of Ramadan and make a pilgrimage to the Mecca (Alkouatli 72-82). The actual word for making a pilgrimage to the Mecca is called the hajj. The hajj is made over five days in the twelfth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. They are required to make the pilgrimage at least once in their life if they are physically and materially able to do so. The Ka’bah is a cube shaped structure made of stone which is known as God’s house (Islam Orgins). When Muslims perform their ritual prayer, they must pray in the director of the cube where ever they are in the world.